15. What is the difference between a private seniors’ residence (RPA’s) and a long-term care facility (CHSLD)?
A private residence for seniors (RPA) is managed by a single private owner or by a group of shareholders, whereas long-term care centers (CHSLD’s) are generally public entities managed by the government. However, there are also privately owned CHSLD’s.
In order to have access to a public CHSLD, it is mandatory to first be taken care of by a social worker from a local community health center (CLSC) or hospital. It is also important to know that CHSLD’s accommodate people with a certain level of loss of autonomy.
The other main difference lies in the costs which, in public CHSLD’s, are partially covered by the government (Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux – MSSS). When you reside in a RPA’s or a private nursing home (CHSLD), you must assume all costs, because they are privately operated.